UV CCD spectroradiometer vs. broadband CCD spectrometer

The spectral responsivity of conventional CCD detectors usually lies within the 200 nm to1100 nm range. Often, this wide spectral responsivity range of the CCD detector is claimed as the responsivity range of the spectroradiometer. However, this fails to consider the spectral response function of the dispersion grating, which further reduces the detector’s responsivity in the UV spectrum. This results in significant errors in the UV measurement signal, primarily through long-wave stray light. The spectral resolution of broadband spectrometers is often not sufficient to guarantee precise measurements of e.g., narrowband UV LEDs.

CCD spectroradiometers that are specifically designed for UV radiation have a constrained spectral range and allow for a very high grating efficiency in connection with a very high spectral resolution. In addition, optical filters can also be used to significantly reduce stray light.

 BTS2048-UV CCD spectroradiometer for UV radiation

 The BTS2048-UV meets all the requirements of a high-end UV diode array spectroradiometer and is available at an attractive price despite its cutting-edge technology.

 One unique feature of the BiTec sensor is its combination of a back-thinned CCD spectrometer and a Si photodiode that offers high linearity levels enabling extremely fast measurements. The fully linearized 2048 pixel CCD detector with thermoelectric cooling offers a very wide dynamic range thanks to its integration time that ranges from 2 µs to 60 s. This enables precise measurements of UV LEDs in a broad intensity range. The design offers high optical resolution of 0.8 nm over the entire spectral measurement range from 190 nm to 430 nm.. The spectrometer is also equipped with two optical filters for automatic low stray light measurements. Such measurements are necessary for broadband UV lamps and UV LEDs in the presence of other light sources. The very high linearity SiC photodiode within the BiTec detector is used for linearization of the CCD or taken as a reference detector. The radiometric responsivity function of the SiC photodiode enables its use independent of the CCD. The radiometric precision can be auto-corrected using the respective spectral data. The device can therefore be used to perform fast measurements on very weak signals, something that makes the BTS20418-UV perfect for integration in goniometers. Despite its compact dimensions (103 mm x 107 mm x 52 mm – L x W x H), the BTS2048-UV spectroradiometer has a remote-controlled filter wheel with two optical filters and a shutter for dark measurement.

Absolute calibration of the absolute irradiance down to 200 nm!

The many years of experience and its well-equipped DAkkS calibration laboratory (D-K-15047-01-00) enables Gigahertz-Optik to offer traceable calibrations down to 200 nm. This broadens the application range of the BTS2048-UV and UV-C-LEDs. For the shortwave spectral range, Gigahertz-Optik GmbH has implemented a special deuterium lamp-based calibration strategy.

Use in front-end and back-end LED test measurements

The BTS2048-UV is perfectly suited for the testing of UV front-end and back-end LEDs in industrial applications. Its CCD detector integrates an electronic zero setting feature of all pixels before a measurement is triggered (electronic shutter). The electronic shutter and triggering of the measurement can be synchronized with a power supply via a trigger port when the test LED is operated in pulsed current mode. The powerful microprocessor only requires 7 ms to transfer a complete dataset to the system computer via the fast LAN interface.

Direct mounting instead of using a light guide

The BTS2048-UV spectroradiometer has a diffusor window and can therefore be used to measure the UV irradiance, incl. spectrum and peak wavelength, without any additional accessory components. With the diffuser window, the BTS2048-UV can also be mounted directly onto accessories such as integrating spheres, radiance lenses, and goniometers in order to measure the radiant power, radiance, and radiance distribution.

User software and developer software

The standard S-BTS2048 user software has a customizable user interface and offers a large number of display and function modules which can be activated when configuring the BTS2048-UV with the respective accessory components from Gigahertz-Optik GmbH. The S-SDK-BTS2048 developer software is offered for the integration of the BTS2048-VL in the customer’s own software.


One essential quality feature of photometric devices is their precise and traceable calibration. The BTS2048-UV is calibrated by Gigahertz-Optik’s calibration laboratory that was accredited by DAkkS (D-K-15047-01-00) for the spectral responsivity and spectral irradiance according to ISO/IEC 17025. The calibration also included the corresponding accessory components. Every device is delivered with its respective calibration certificate.

UV spectroradiometer BTS2048-UV

S-BTS2048 software for the BTS2048-UV-S

Ethernet interface reduces the datatransfer time

Electronic Shutter reduces the measurement time

Short description

UV optimized TE cooled CCD spectroradiometer with a wide dynamic range for CW and short-term measurement of the irradiance, spectrum, and peak wavelength. Accessories for other parameters.  

Main features

Compact device. BiTec detector with back-thinned TE cooled CCD (2048 pixels, 0.8 nm optical resolution, electronic shutter), and SiC photodiode with radiometric filter. Optical bandwidth correction (CIE214). Filter wheel with shutter and two attenuation filters. Input lens with diffusor window. Cosine field of view. 

Range of measurement

Spectral: (3E-4 - 3E5) W/(m²nm) at 325nm, 190 nm to 430 nm.

Integral: (1E1 -  2E10) W/m² with deuterium lamp

Typical applications

CCD spectroradiometer for design applications. Module for integration in test systems for front-end and back-end LED testing.


Factory calibration. Traceable to international calibration standards


Lightmeter for spectral Irradiance, Erythema, etc.


Spectral irradiance (W/(m² nm)), irradiance (W/m²), peak wavelength, center wavelength, centroid wavelength, Erythema. Option integrating sphere: in addition spectral radiant power (W/nm) and radiant power (W)

Input optics

Diffusor, cosine corrected field of view (f2 ≤ 3 %)

Filter wheel

4 positions (open, closed, optical filters). Use for remote dark current measurement and stray light reduction.


Parallel measurement with diode and array is possible, thereby linearity correction of the array through the diode and online correction of the spectral mismatch of the diode through a*(sz(λ)) respectively F*(sz(λ)).

Calibration uncertainty

Spectral irradiance

(200 - 249) nm: ± 20 %
(250 - 299) nm: ± 10 %
(300 - 399) nm: ± 6 %
(400 - 430) nm: ± 5 %

Spectral irradiance responsivity (200 - 430) nm

different measurement modes

Standard measurement mode: 200 nm to 430 nm

Out of Range stray light corrected measurement mode (OoR SLC): 200 nm to 430 nm

Stray light corrected bandpass measurement mode (BP SLC): 300 nm to 386 nm

Spectral Detector
Integration time

2 μs - 60 s        *1

Spectral range

(190 - 430) nm

Optical bandwidth

0.8 nm

Pixel resolution

~0.13 nm/Pixel

Number of pixels



Highly sensitive back-thinned CCD chip, one stage cooled (1TEC)


16bit (25 ns instruction cycle time)

Peak wavelength

± 0.05 nm

Band-pass correction

mathematical online band-pass correction is supported


completely linearized chip >99.6%

Stray light

Out of Bound method < 1E-4           *3

Base line noise

5 cts     *4


5000        *5

Dynamic range

>9 Magnitudes

Responsivity range spectral irradiance

(3E-4 - 3E5) W/(m²nm) @325nm        *6*7

typ. measurement time

W/m² of a Halogen lampe from (250 - 400) nm

1 4,4 s
10 440 ms
100 44 ms
Integral Detector

Spectral responsivity with radiometric matching. Online correction of the radiometric matching through spectral measurement data (spectral missmatch factor correction).

Measurement time

(0.1 - 6000) ms

Measurement range

seven (7) measurement ranges with transcendent offset correction


Irradiance ± 6 %               *10

Measurement range

(1E1  -  2E10) W/m²       *11


Spectral responsivity

responsivity BTS2048 UV


cos BTS2048 UV


32bit for device control,16bit for CCD array control, 8bit for photodiode control


USB V2.0, Ethernet (LAN UDP protocol), RS232, RS485

Data transfer

Standard for 2048 float array values via ethernet 7ms, via USB 2.0 140 ms

Input Interfaces

2x (0 - 25) VDC, 1x optocoupler isolated 5 V / 5 mA

Output Interfaces

2x open collector, max. 25 V, max. 500 mA


Trigger input incorporated (different options, rising/falling edge, delayed, etc.)


User software S-BTS2048
Optional software development kit S-SDK-BTS2048 for user software set-ups based on .dll‘s in C, C++,C# or in LabView.

Power supply

With power supply: DC Input 5V (±10 %) at 700 mA
With USB bus (500mA) *8


103 mm x 107 mm x 52 mm (Length x Width x Height)


500 g


Tripod and M6 screw threads

Front adapter UMPA-1.0-HL for use with integrating sphere port-frame UMPF-1.0-HL

Temperature range

Storage: (-10 to 50) °C

Operation: (10 to 30) °C           *9


*1 It is recommended to perform a new dark signal measurement for every change in the integration time

*2 typical value, the uncertainty of the dominant wavelength depends on the spectral distribution of the LED

*3 typical value, measured 100 nm left of the peak of a cold white broadband LED with and deep blue LED peak

*4 *5 typical value measured without averaging for a 4ms measurement time and full scale control of the array. Averaging results in quadratic rise of the S/N
i.e. quadratic fall of the base noise e.g. averaging to a factor 100 improves the S/N by a factor 10

*6 Minimum 500/1 S/N. Maximum at full scale control.

*7 Irradiation only allowed for a short time so as to avoid thermal damage

*8 during USB connection, not all functions are available due to the limited current supply e.g. no Ethernet and TEC cooling

*9 Device required for temperature stabilization in approx. 25min. In measurement is performed in the warm-up phase, or if measurements are performed
under varying temperatures, dark signal measurement is required for each measurement

*10 With a(Z) correction by a Deuterium lamp

*11 By a deuterium lamp

Type Description File-Type Download
Datasheet BTS2048-UV PDF
Produktname Product Image Description Show product
S-SDK-BTS2048 Software Development Kit for BTS2048 variants
GB-GD-360-RB40 Goniometer for the measurement of 2π sources.

Features: Measurement of the luminous and radiant intensity distribution as well as luminous flux and radiant power from compact spot lamps and light-emitting diodes. Measurement distance 100 mm to 2000 mm. Remote control. Optional Lightmeters, user software, etc.
Article-Nr Modell Description Request / Compare
15298858 BTS2048-UV

Measuring device, hard cover box, users guide, S-BTS2048 software, calibration certificate.

15300775 K-BTS2048-UV

Recalibration of the BTS2048-UV with calibration certificate

15298470 S-SDK-BTS2048

Software development kit, software CD with users guide.

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